Road roller

1953 Road Roller, one of the original four Matchbox cars

Mainline Matchbox models, also known as Superfast, 1-75, 1-100, 1-120 and now 1-125 models, are individually released, regular-issue "1/64 scale" models of cars, trucks and other vehicles. The mainline collection (or series) originated with four models in 1953, growing to 75 models by 1960, and staying at 75 for almost fifty years (for a few years in the early 1980s an extra two or three models had been included in the line-up), leading to the mainline collection also being known as the 1-75 collection.

Years 1999 and 2000 saw 100 mainline vehicles, creating some confusion as to what to call the series, but this only lasted for two years; in 2001 the series returned to 75 vehicles. Matchbox offered 100 vehicles again from 2008 through 2011, then 120 from 2012 to present.  The Superfast label returned as a collector's edition, separate from the mainline collection, in 2004.

The makeup of the mainline collection has changed greatly over its over 60 years of existence. For the first several years the collection simply grew, but the first substitution of a new model for an old one occurred in 1959, when the Dennis Fire Engine was discontinued, and the Merryweather Marquis Fire Engine instituted in its place. Since that time replacements have become routine, with castings retired as their molds wore out, when they proved unpopular, or simply to make way for a new casting. Some retired castings have later returned, either essentially unchanged (e.g. Ambulance (1977)) or with minor (e.g. Chevy Pro Stocker) or significant changes (e.g. Mobile Home). In some cases entirely new castings were created for the same subject vehicle (e.g. '57 Chevy, 1957 Chevrolet). The practice of issuing established castings in new colors, now de rigueur, didn't occur until several years on.

In 1960, Matchbox introduced their King Size vehicles. These larger cars and trucks were numbered independently of the regular vehicles, creating two series, the King Size line, and the main line, or mainline vehicles. Several other series have been sold at different time alongside the mainline 1-75 vehicles, including Battle Kings, Sea Kings, Five Packs, the Premiere collections, and many others, but the mainline series have consistently appeared.

Further confusing the issue are the Rest of World (ROW) issues, also known as International or INT. As Matchbox became a global brand, they found value in tailoring their offerings to different markets. Most often this has fallen along continental lines, with The United States and Canada receiving the USA version, and the rest of the world receiving an ROW version. Thus, the 1-75 lineup in Germany may differ from the lineup in Canada. See the ROW article for greater discussion on this topic.

See alsoEdit

Other Matchbox seriesEdit

  • King Size - larger vehicles from the 1960s and 70s
    • Super Kings - trucks, starting 1971
    • Speed Kings - cars from the same period
    • Battle Kings - larger-scale military vehicles from the 1970s; the name was reintroduced in circa 2009 for military-themed sets comprised of mainline vehicles and accessories
  • Convoy - tractor trailers in a similar scale as mainline vehicles, appearing in the 1970s, then again in the 1980s and 1990s
  • Real Working Rigs and Super Convoy - larger-sized trucks introduced circa 2008. Real Working Rigs are straight trucks, while Super Convoys are tractor trailers; taken together, the two fill a market niche similar to the older Super Kings
  • Sky Busters - aircraft from the 1970s, later reintroduced.